The Shetland pony is relatively small, with a gentle disposition and an official size of less than 46 in. (117 cm) high. The harsh climate and scarce food of the Shetland Islands, however, have assured that the ponies developed into extremely hardy animals. Due in part to their intelligence and size, they are easily spoiled and can be very headstrong if not well-trained. What happened to thousands of Shetlands when laws prohibiting child labor in coal mines were passed in the mid-19th century?
E. M. Forster
Back in the day
The Imperial or Meiji Constitution was the fundamental law of the Empire of Japan from 1889 until 1947. Enacted as part of the Meiji Revival, it provided for a form of constitutional monarchy based on the Prussian model. The Constitution allowed for an active Emperor with considerable political power that was to be shared with an elected assembly, or "diet." What did Ito Hirobumi, who was charged with drafting Japan's constitution, think of the different Western constitutions that he reviewed?
Born on a day like today
Chirac has served as President of France since 1995. He has played a critical role in the development of the European Union, of which France is a leading member. He has also been an outspoken critic of the war in Iraq. At home, Chirac has faced criticism, even from some of his long-time supporters, for controversial comments that he has made and for his alleged involvement in various unlawful schemes. He was wounded during a tour of duty in what war?