Steinitz was an Austrian chess player and the first official world chess champion. Adopting a scientific approach to his study of the game, he formulated his theories in scientific terms and defended his title from 1886 to 1894. After he lost his title, however, he developed severe mental health problems and spent his last years in a number of institutions in New York, dying a pauper in 1900. Who took the title from Steinitz, and what did he say with regard to Steinitz and his unfortunate fate?
Back in the day
Nancy Witcher Astor, or Viscountess Astor, was the second woman elected to the British Parliament's House of Commons and the first to take a seat (the first female elected member had chosen not to do so). She attracted a great deal of attention, much of it for her caustic and witty comments, and was re-elected many times, serving until 1945. She was a Conservative member who concentrated on women's issues, temperance, and child welfare. What was the Cliveden Set?
Born on a day like today
Claude LÃ©vi-Strauss was one of the 20th century's great thinkers. In Structural Anthropology, he theorizes that culture is a system of symbolic communication that, like phonemic differences in language, owes its meaning to structure. Borrowing heavily from contemporary linguistics, his theory was a major departure from earlier "functionalist" theories and led to critical insights into formative social phenomena. What role does the incest taboo play in his theory?