" Such democracies have ever been spectacles of turbulence and contention; have ever been found incompatible with personal security or the rights of property; and have in general been as short in their lives as they have been violent in their deaths. "
James Madison

Back in the day


Bhola Cyclone Strikes East Pakistan

The Bhola cyclone made landfall in East Pakistan, or what is now Bangladesh, on November 13, 1970. Winds in excess of 120 miles per hour, along with an exceptionally high tide, drove a tidal surge into the low-lying, densely populated region in the early hours of the morning, killing 500,000 people and making it the deadliest tropical cyclone on record. In what way was the cyclone a contributing factor to the outbreak of the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971?




Flamingos are large pink or red wading birds with long necks and webbed feet that live in large flocks in aquatic areas in the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. Their oddly-shaped beaks, when used upside-down, are specially adapted to separate mud and silt from the algae and shellfish that the birds consume. Flamingos begin life with white plumage; what causes their characteristic pink color to develop?

Born on a day like today


Edward III of England

Edward III was one of the most successful kings of medieval times. He reigned for 50 years and oversaw the expansion of English rule into portions of Scotland and France. His descendants were key figures in two important wars of succession: the Hundred Years' War (1337-1453) and the War of the Roses (1455-1487). He was crowned at the age of 14 and married Philippa of Hainault a year later. The couple had thirteen children; why was their eldest son called "Edward the Black Prince"?

Last updated on Monday, 13th November 2006

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