The northern lights, or aurora borealis, are a luminous display of various forms and colors seen in the night sky. They are caused by high-speed electrons and protons from the sun, which are trapped in the radiation belt above the earth and then channeled toward the polar regions by the earth's magnetic field. These electrically charged particles enter the atmosphere and collide with air molecules, exciting them to luminosity. What are the best locations for viewing the northern lights?
Back in the day
The Patriarch of Constantinople is the Ecumenical Patriarch, who serves as the spiritual leader and chief spokesperson for the 16 Eastern Orthodox Churches. The current Patriarch has been active internationally, working to rebuild the Orthodox churches of the former Eastern Bloc countries following the fall of Communism and continuing reconciliation dialogues with the Roman Catholic Church. An environmentalist, he has earned what nickname?
Born on a day like today
Marie-Antoinette was the wife of King Louis XVI of France. Their marriage was designed to ally France with Austria's ruling Hapsburg dynasty. Initially popular, she and her husband gained a reputation for corruption, and their actions hastened the public's disillusionment with the monarchy and the onset of the French Revolution. They were executed by guillotine, along with thousands of others. What was the famous Affair of the Diamond Necklace?