" To know how to grow old is the master work of wisdom, and one of the most difficult chapters in the great art of living. "
Herman Melville

Back in the day


Peru and Chile Sign Treaty of Ancón

The Treaty of Ancón ended Peru's involvement in the late 19th century War of the Pacific, fought between Chile and the joint forces of Bolivia and Peru. Victorious, Chile gained substantial mineral-rich territories, leaving Bolivia without access to the sea and annexing the former Peruvian province of Tarapacá. The loss of the war remains an emotional issue for many Bolivians who attribute their country's problems to its landlocked condition. What novel technology was employed during the war?



Beta Israel

The Beta Israel, or "House of Israel," are Jews of Ethiopian origin. Long isolated from mainstream Judaism, they practice a form of the religion based on Jewish Scriptures and certain apocryphal books. In 1975, the Israeli rabbinate legally recognized them as Jews, and during the Ethiopian civil war, about 10,000 were airlifted to Israel in an effort to save them from persecution. A second airlift of more than 14,000 occurred in 1991. What were these secret operations called?

Born on a day like today


Guru Nanak Dev

Nanak was the founder of the Sikh religion and the first of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism. According to tradition, he made four great journeys to all parts of India, Arabia, and Persia. Nanak proclaimed monotheism, the provisional nature of organized religion, and direct realization of God through religious exercises and meditation; he opposed idolatry, ritual, an organized priesthood, and the caste system. What did Nanak hope to accomplish by instituting "the common meal?"

Last updated on Friday, 20th October 2006

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