Graffiti is a type of deliberately inscribed marking made by humans on surfaces, both private and public. It can take the form of art, drawings, or words. When done without a property owner's consent, it constitutes illegal vandalism. Graffiti has existed at least since the days of ancient civilizations such as classical Greece and the Roman Empire. What is the first known example of "modern style" graffiti?
Back in the day
In response to raids into the West Bank by Palestinian militia, Israeli forces began an operation to destroy the village of Qibya, which was suspected of harboring militants. The attacks led to the deaths of 50 civilians with no proven links to the militia. Israel was condemned by the UN, and historians continue to debate this dark day in Israeli-Arab relations. Who was the commander of Unit 101 that, along with a paratroop company, carried out the attack?
Born on a day like today
King James II of England and VII of Scotland was the last Catholic monarch to rule over England, Scotland, and Ireland. His reign, from 1685 to 1688, culminated with the Glorious Revolution, in which Protestants deposed him in favor of Mary II and William of Orange. The belief that James was the legitimate ruler became known as Jacobitism, and Jacobites thereafter attempted to restore the Stuart line to the thrones of England and Scotland. Who protected James after he fled England?