Spelunking, or caving, is the recreational sport of exploring caves. Caves have been explored out of necessity for thousands of years, but only in the last century or two has the activity become a sport. In recent decades, caving has changed considerably due to the availability of modern protective wear and equipment. What distinction do purists draw between "cavers" and "spelunkers?"
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Back in the day
The Boer Wars were fought between Dutch settlers in South Africa, called Boers or Afrikaners, and the British Empire. The Second Boer War began when gold was discovered in the province of the Transvaal, a territory that had been annexed to Great Britain but was headed by the strongly anti-British statesman Paul Kruger. As English settlers moved into the region, Dutch governors began taxing them heavily and limiting their rights. How many civilians died in the war?
Born on a day like today
Heinz was a pioneer in the American food industry in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He founded the HJ Heinz Company in 1888, offering "57 varieties" of packaged foods. The company became noted for its fair treatment of workers, and Heinz lobbied the US Congress to introduce laws to improve sanitation within the industry at a time when writers such as Upton Sinclair were discussing the issue. Heinz got an early start in the food business; by age nine he was selling his own brand of what?