Guillotine-like devices existed and were used for executions in Britain before the French Revolution, and there are accounts of similar devices in Italy and Switzerland dating back to the 16th century. The French, however, developed the machine further, and France became the first nation to use it as a standard execution method. On April 25, 1792, highwayman Nicolas J. Pelletier became the first person executed by guillotine. Where does the device get its name?
Back in the day
The most deadly act of airline terrorism in the Western Hemisphere until the 1985 bombing of Air India Flight 182, the bombing of Cubana flight 455 killed all 73 of the aircraft's passengers. Evidence implicated anti-Castro Cuban exiles and members of the Venezuelan secret police as the perpetrators. Four men were arrested in connection with the bombing; two were sentenced to 20-year prison terms, and one was acquitted. What happened to the fourth suspect?
Born on a day like today
Louis Philippe was king of the French from 1830 to 1848. During the July Revolution of 1830, he was made lieutenant general of the realm and, with the support of the marquis de Lafayette, was chosen as king. At first, he was much loved and called the "citizen king," but his popularity suffered as his government came to be viewed as increasingly conservative and monarchical. After abdicating, Louis Philippe fled to England. How did he get there?